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All domains Description
Academy (New Oxford American Dictionary) A society or institution of distinguished scholars, artists, or scientists, that aims to promote and maintain standards in its particular field. (Academia - Wikipedia) Academia is a collective term for the scientific and cultural community engaged in higher education and research, taken as a whole.
Agriculture Agricultural domain
Archaeology This domain covers archaeology as the study of the ancient and recent human past through material remains.
Archives Data archiving is the domain of organizing information to be available for future reference.
Biology The biology domain
Building and Construction The domain of Building Industry and Building Design Modeling. Also extends to Architecture, Engineering, and other Spatial or GeoSpatial concepts.
Business The domain of commercial transactions, roles, organizations, and services
Cartography Cartography is the totality of scientific/ technical and artistic activities aiming at the production of maps and related presentations on the basis of data(field measurements, aerial photographs, satellite imagery, statistical material, etc.) collected by other disciplines (Multilingual Dictionary of Technical Terms).
Chemistry The chemistry domain
Context-aware Context Aware Requirement Pattern This pattern especially designed for providing recurrence guidelines to the analyst.
Decision-making The domain of decision-making and decision-support systems, as well as systems representing and storing decisions.
Design The domain of designs
DocumentManagement The domain of documents, their structures, annotations, content, rendering, etc.
Earth Science or Geoscience Earth Science is an all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth.
Ecology The domain of ecology as the study of agents in their environment, and of the relations that exist between the agents and the environment and the entities in the environment.
Event Processing ODPs about events and event processing, according to deifinitions by Luckham and Schulte (
Explanation An ontology design pattern which defines how an explanation should be. Extends the Partipation and Situation ODPs
Fishery (From NeOn deliverable 7.2.2 - FAO Case study) Generally, a fishery is an activity leading to harvesting of fish. It may involve capture of wild fish or raising of fish through aquaculture. A fishery can also be taken as a unit determined by an authority or other entity that is engaged in raising and/or harvesting fish. Typically, the unit is defined in terms of some or all of the following: people involved, species or type of fish, area of water or seabed, method of fishing, class of boats and purpose of the activities.
Game This category is for patterns that model notions in games, including games in the context of sport, entertainment, education, etc.
General (New American Oxford Dictionary) Concerning all or most people, places, or things; widespread. Not specialized or limited in range of subject, application, activity, etc.
Geology (New Oxford American Dictionary) The science that deals with the earth’s physical structure and substance, its history, and the processes that act on it. (Wikipedia) The science comprising the study of solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which it evolves.
Gesture Gesture is a movement or a pose of part of the body that express an intent of a user.
Gesture Interaction Gesture interactions consist of physical movements of the face, limbs, or body and allow users to express their interaction intentions and send out corresponding interactive information to a device or a system.
Healthcare (New Oxford American Dictionary) The maintenance and improvement of physical and mental health, esp. through the provision of medical services. (Wikipedia) Health care, or healthcare, is the prevention, treatment, and management of illness and the preservation of mental and physical well being through the services offered by the medical, nursing, and allied health professions. Health care embraces all the goods and services designed for your health, including preventive, curative and palliative infections, whether directed to individuals or to populations
History The study of recorded human history, including the causes and effects of past events and processes, and the material and cultural output of human interaction and exchange.
Humanities Traditional human sciences (e.g. literature, art history, musicology, architecture, theatre), their ICT-driven enhancements commonly known as Digital Humanities, and their associated historical, cognitive and social studies.
Identity Whatever makes an entity definable and recognizable, in terms of possessing a set of qualities or characteristics that distinguish it from entities of a different type.[citation needed] Or, in layman's terms, identity is whatever makes something the same or different. This includes operational definition that either yields a yes or no value for whether a thing is present in a field of observation, or that distinguishes the thing from its background, allowing one to determine what is and what is not included in it.
IndustrialProcesses The domain of processes, events, and states that govern the production of objects and the delivery of services.
Intellectual Property The domain of Intellectual Property including copyright, patents, trademarks etc.
Internet of Things The Internet of Things is a network of connected devices, typically of low processing power, that enhance their functionalities through exchanges and service access.

Sensor network is a subset of Internet of Things, where the connected devices are sensors. The purpose of such deployment is usually to collect information for a specific application : agriculture, home automation, energy management, smart city, natural disaster prevention... Since sensors are connected devices with a uniform and identified functionality (converting a physical information into a numerical one), the early work one semantics for connected devices focused on sensors.

The Internet of Things contains, along with sensors, connected devices in charge of computing, and actuation (the opposite of sensing : converting a numerical information into a physical one, e.g. what does a servomotor).
Internet of Things (IoT) The IoT-ontology for the Representation of Interconnected, Clustered and Semantically Coordinated Smart Entities towards Supporting their Semantic Registration and Retrieval in a Web of Things.
Interoperability The domain of interoperability problems and solutions description.
Knowledge engineering Knowledge Engineering is an engineering discipline that involves integrating knowledge into computer systems in order to solve complex problems normally requiring a high level of human expertise (see Knowledge Engineering @ Wikipedia).
Law The system of rules which a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members and which it may enforce by the imposition of penalties (Oxford Dictionary)
Linguistic The lingistic representation: language complexity, synonyms, translation relations...
Management (New Oxford American Dictionary) The process of dealing with or controlling things or people. The responsibility for and control of a company or similar organization. The people in charge of running a company or organization, regarded collectively.
Manufacturing The domain of commercial manufacturing.
Materials Science Pertaining to the properties of materials, their composition, and their fabrication.
Media Entities that are sources of information: newspapers, websites, TV and radio stations.
Multimedia The domain of Multimedia
Music The domain of music.
Ontology Everything related to modeling an ontology itself.
Ontology Alignment Patterns form this domain are describing either correspondences or transformations between ontologies.
Organization (New Oxford American Dictionary) An organized body of people with a particular purpose, esp. a business, society, association, etc. E.g., a research organization.
Participation (Wikipedia) A notion in theory of management, economics, and politics. (Wiktionary) The process during which individuals, groups and organizations are consulted about or have the opportunity to become actively involved in a project or program of activity.
Parts and Collections (Wikipedia) The concept of part is not easy to define though it is intimately connected to the concept whole. For the formal study of the parthood relation, see mereology.

For example:

  • In mathematics, a part (mathematics) is any geometric object such as a point, line, arc, circle, polygon, polyhedron, or polytope that can be joined together to form a whole.
  • In engineering, a part is a component used in a higher-level mechanical or electrical assembly. Examples of parts are screws, transistors and other electronic components, a specially shaped piece of metal required by the mechanism of a specific model of video cassette recorder, and a myriad other examples. Parts required to replace broken parts in existing equipment are called spare parts or just spares.
  • In fashion, the part or parting of a person's hair is the watershed line at which the hair is divided (often with a comb), and forms part of their hairstyle. Some people part their hair in the middle (a center part, following the natural part of the hair), and some part their hair at one side or the other.
  • In preparing mixtures, it is customary to specify an undefined amount of a mixture in either parts or percentages. For example the cocktail known as a Martini is described as being made with 5 parts of gin to 1 of vermouth. This terminology can also be used in relation to cement and recipes.
Personalization "Personalization involves using technology to accommodate the differences between individuals. Once confined mainly to the Web, it is increasingly becoming a factor in education, health care (i.e. personalized medicine), television, and in both "business to business" and "business to consumer" settings."(see Personalization @ Wikipedia)
Pharmaceutical Pharmaceutical domain, part of medicine
Philosophical engineering I guess that Tim Berners-Lee introduced this term back in 2006, or? See also
Physics a natural science; it is the study of matter and its motion through spacetime and all that derives from these, such as energy and force. More broadly, it is the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the world and universe behave.
Planning The planning domain
Privacy Regarding/Related to various aspects of privacy such as use of personal data, preferences, permissions/constraints, privacy policies
Product development Domain for ontologies for supporting product development activities. Topics in this domain contain requirements engineering, project management and planning, product structures, product development, design, and manufacturing.
Recommendation Recommendation is the subject of recommender systems (see Recommender system @ Wikipedia)
Scheduling (New Oxford American Dictionary) A plan for carrying out a process or procedure, giving lists of intended events and times.
Semiotics (New Oxford American Dictionary) The study of signs and symbols and their use or interpretation. (Wikipedia) The study of sign processes (semiosis), or signification and communication, signs and symbols, both individually and grouped into sign systems. It includes the study of how meaning is constructed and understood.
Smart City This pattern is modular and composed by sub-patterns for smart city strategies design.
Social Science Sciences that include or combine: sociology, psychology, political science, anthropology, economics, demography.
Software The domain of software.
Software Engineering The domain of software engineering.
Software measurement This domain for patterns in software measurements.
Sports Sports also considered in extra circular activities which give power to body and mind. The study is compulsory in life, but games are also too much important. (
Systems Systems describe a conceptualized organization of things working and performing together via mechanism(s) and/or an interconnecting network to form a complex, unitary behavioral whole.
Time (Wikipedia) Time is a basic component of the measuring system used to sequence events, to compare the durations of events and the intervals between them, and to quantify the motions of objects. Time has been a major subject of religion, philosophy, and science...
University (New Oxford American Dictionary) An educational institution designed for instruction, examination, or both, of students in many branches of advanced learning, conferring degrees in various faculties, and often embodying colleges and similar institutions.
  • the members of this collectively.
  • the grounds and buildings of such an institution.


A university is an institution of higher education and research, which grants academic degrees at all levels (associate, bachelor, master, and doctorate) in a variety of subjects. A university provides both undergraduate education and postgraduate education. The word university is derived from the Latin universitas magistrorum et scholarium, roughly meaning "community of teachers and scholars".
Upper Ontology The domain of foundational distinctions found in upper ontologies.
Vocabulary There is a wide range of knowledge representation structures such as controlled list, classification, thesauri, terminology, etc. ‘vocabulary’ is the general term used to refer to those knowledge representations.
Web Architecture The entities that compose the architecture of the web as described in the W3C Web Architecture Recommendation
Web2.0 The domain of applications, social networks, and data over the Web, enabling interaction among users, and direct modification.
Workflow The domain of structures with sequences, loops, branches, which are typically used to describe organizational issues.

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