Community:Scenarios

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Scenario ScenarioOf Description
AgentRole/Scenario 1 AgentRole Aldo Gangemi is a senior researcher. He is also father and a saxophonist.
CollectionEntity/Scenario 1 CollectionEntity Aldo, Alfio and Valentina are members of the STLab.
ConceptTerms/Scenario 1 ConceptTerms This ontology contains an example ABox for the ConceptTerms CP available at http://sites.google.com/site/pierreyvesvandenbussche/resources/ConceptTerms.owl This ontology describes example coming from Eurovoc(http://europa.eu/eurovoc/) where a concept has a preferred term "social sciences" in english and a simple non preferred term (i.e. synonyms) "humanities" in the same language whereas the same concept has a preferred term "sciences sociales" in french and a simple non preferred term "sciences humaines" in this language. We consider a second preferred term in english "award" which names a concept. In this particular information retrieval context, we define a coumpound non preferred term "social sciences awards" which is related to preferred terms "social sciences" and "award".
Literal Reification/Scenario 1 Literal Reification Used frequently in the Web 2.0, descriptive tags such as the ones used in folksonomies are keywords (e.g., strings) assigned to a particular resource, such as a web document, with the intent to describe it. Just like words in any natural language, tags may have different meanings depending on the context in which they are used. For instance, the word “Paris” may be either a name of a city or a first name of a person. Here, it is clear that the act of tagging with “Paris” both the Wikipedia pages about the Eiffel Tower and the one about Paris Hilton hides two different intents: in the former case, “Paris” denotes the city in which the tower stands; in the latter case, “Paris” denotes a particular person, i.e., Paris Hilton. Using the literal reification pattern it is possible to express descriptive tags as first class objects in OWL, by considering them as proper individuals of the class litre:Literal. Different individuals may thus represent different meanings even if their literal values are identical.
Literal Reification/Scenario 2 Literal Reification NameHistory3.0 is a (fictional) institution that keeps track of all the names of people, and stores them as an ABox of the FOAF ontology. In particular, each person is stored as an individual of the class foaf:Person with a specific first name (data property foaf:givenName) and family name (data property foaf:familyName). On 24/09/2010, Bruce Wayne formally applied for changing his first name to Jack. Since NameHistory3.0 has to keep track of everything concerning names of people, on that date “Jack” was added as Mr. Wayne's first name. It was then that NameHistory3.0 noticed that, without any additional information, it is not possible to know which of the two first names are legally valid at any given point in time. A solution to that scenario, which avoids any modification of the ontology model and consequently of the entire triple store (operation that is obviously time-consuming and error-prone), is to use the literal reification pattern in combination with the new expressivity for punning in OWL 2. Through them, it is possible to define a literal individual as also belonging to the class foaf:givenName – that is actually defined as a data property, but may be additionally be meta-modelled as a class. We can now associate a particular time interval to each literal, so as to represent when the literal itself, i.e., the given name, is legally valid.
SimpleOrAggregated/Scenario 1 SimpleOrAggregated Modelling simple and aggregated service providers within the mIO! ontology network. Service providers are also organized by types.
SimpleOrAggregated/Scenario 2 SimpleOrAggregated Modelling simple and aggregated context sources within the mIO! ontology network.
SimpleOrAggregated/Scenario 3 SimpleOrAggregated Modelling simple and aggregated resources. These resources are also organized by types, specifically, they can be computing or storage resources.
Situation/Scenario 1 Situation I prepared a coffee with my heater, 300 ml of water, and an Arabica coffee mix.


Scenarios should have their own page - to be created from the pattern's page working panel - as the ones listed in the table above.

In the meantime, the following table shows a list of values for the scenario property in the pages of the related pattern.


Pattern Scenario Domains
ActingFor Matteo Sanvitale is working as an officer for CEMA s.r.l.
Action The action of making coffee is dependent on the action of buying coffee.
The action of making coffee is 'completed'.
The consequence of making coffee is drinking coffee.
I performed the action of making coffee between 9 and 9:05am this morning.
I plan to make coffee tomorrow
and then I plan to have breakfast.
Product development
Business
General
ActivitySpecification This pattern is applicable for a wide range of scenarios. In essence
for the formalization of any activity precondition/effect. For example: -My car must have gas (an manifestation of a specific vehicle should have gas) before I can drive to work (the manifestation should exist at some time before the drive to work activity occurs) -An effect of my driving to work is that I am at work and so is my car.
Event Processing
General
Actuation-Actuator-Effect A light switch has an impact on the luminosity when it is toggled Internet of Things
AffectedBy A room (feature of interest) has a temperature (quality) and this temperature is affected by the air conditioner status
by the number of people in the room
and by the sun radiation that passes through the room’s windows. A basement (feature of interest) has a temperature (quality) that is affected by the air conditioner status
by level of the basement’s relative humidity
and by the quality of the thermal insulation of the walls. Room temperature and basement temperature are different qualities
although both could be individuals of a Temperature subclass of Quality class.
Building and Construction
General
AgentRole She greeted us all in her various roles of mother
friend
and daughter.
Management
Organization
Scheduling
AlgorithmImplementationExecution Consider a scenario in machine learning (ML) domain. The scenario deals with a machine learning task completion and it is based on an example derived from the OpenML portal (http://www.openml.org/). <br /> There is an ML Task <code>:task29</code> which is a supervised classification task defined on the dataset <code>:credit-a</code>. This task is achieved by the Execution <code>:run100241</code> which executes the Implementation <code>:wekaLogistic</code> of the Algorithm <code>:logisticRegression</code>. <br />The Implementation <code>:wekaLogistic</code> has five hyperparameters (Parameter): <code>:wekaLogisticC</code>
<code>:wekaLogisticDoNotCheckCapabilities</code>
<code>:wekaLogisticM</code>
<code>:wekaLogisticOutputDebugInfo</code>
<code>:wekaLogisticR</code>. The values of two of these hyperparameters are set. The hyper parameter <code>:wekaLogisticM</code> has value set to -1 (expressed via the ParameterSetting <code>:wekaLogisticMSetting29</code>)
and the hyper parameter <code>:wekaLogisticR</code> that has its value set to <code>"1.0E-8"^^xsd:float</code> (expressed via the ParameterSetting <code>:wekaLogisticRSetting29</code>). <br /> The Execution <code>:run100241</code> has on Input the <code>:credit-a</code> dataset and the parameter settings and its Output is the ML model <code>:wekaLogisticModel100241</code>.
General
Software
Software Engineering
Workflow
An Ontology Design Pattern for Activity Reasoning Activity or task planning. Help find out which activities should be completed before other activities.Activity decomposition. Find out what are the sub-activities that constitute the super activity.Spatiotemporal queries. Find out the activities that happen at particular locations and time. Workflow
General
AquaticResourceObservation The aquatic resource for Skipjack tuna in Northern Atlantic in 2004 (as reported in 2008) was observed with low abundance level. Fishery
AquaticResources give me the Species for water area 24; give me the Water areas for species Gadus morhua. Fishery
Biological Entities TestScenario1
TestScenario2
Biology
Fishery
Born Digital Archives <ul><li>Series A has part file B.</li><li>Fonds C has part Series A.</li><li>File D has creator John Smith.</li></ul> Archives
Complaint Design Pattern A complaint refers to the narrated facts of an agent
grounded with a motive and a request
through a specific medium (used to generate the complaint document)
where evidence may support the facts
General
Law
Classification Mac OSX 10.5 is classified as an operating system in the Fujitsu-Siemens product catalog. General
ClimaticZone Give me the resource observations where the zone is 'Tropical' Fishery
Co-participation Mike and Greta had a great fun together
Aldo Gangemi and Valentina Presutti co-participate at the ISWC 2007 conference.
General
Collection My saxophone collection includes a Mark VI tenor
a Balanced Action alto
and a Conn Transitional bari.
General
CollectionEntity The Louvre Aegyptian collection. Parts and Collections
CommunicationEvent A sales call between John at company x and Mary at company y took place on January 7 2009. In the call John had the role of seller and Mary the role of buyer. The call was made in the context of the long-term relation between comanies x and y
where x is the subcontractor of y. The purpose of the call was to agree on a price for a particular order item.
In todays boardmeeting John was elected chairman of the meeting
and Michael was appointed to take the minutes. The meeting involved 6 people
where 5 were elected members of the board and one was an invited external party. The purpose of the meeting was to decide on the price of a new product. However
the participants did not agree so the meeting had to be suspended and will continue tomorrow.
Organization
Business
Planning
Participation
Product development
Componency The turbine is a proper part of the engine
both are parts of a car. Furthermore
the engine and the battery are proper parts of the car.
Parts and Collections
ComputationalEnvironment The tool Wireshark was run on a particular computer in order to analyze network traffic. Archives
Computer System <ul><li>The computer uses Ubuntu 16.04.</li><li>The graphics card requires driver A.</li><li>The software is compatible with Windows 10.</li><li>The processor is compatible with motherboard B.</li></ul> General
ConceptGroup Used to describe whole vocabulary entity or vocabulary concepts subset. Compliant with RefSets in SNOMED-CT or themes in GEMET. Parts and Collections
Vocabulary
ConceptTerms Used for vocabulary representation. For example in Eurovoc(http://europa.eu/eurovoc/)
a concept has a preferred term "social sciences" in english and a simple non preferred term (i.e. synonyms) "humanities" in the same language whereas the same concept has a preferred term "sciences sociales" in french and a simple non preferred term "sciences humaines" in this language. If we wanted to add a translation relation between terms we could state that "social sciences" english term is a translation of "sciences sociales" french term. If we consider a second preferred term in english "award" which names a concept
in a particular information retrieval context
we could define a coumpound non preferred term "social sciences awards" which is related to preferred terms "social sciences" and "award".
Linguistic
Vocabulary
Constituency Different types of wood constitute this table. Parts and Collections
Description in Range # Scenario 1: In order to obtain the registered quality scheme PDO
the wine "Amarone della Valpolicella" has to comply with a set of rules including grape composition rules. In particular
it has to be made with a specific ampelographic composition that indicates the different types of grapes that contribute to form the wine
together with their percentage ranges. In this case
the "Amarone della Valpolicella" must be composed (among the others) by Corvina and Corvinone grapes from 45% to 95%. --- # Scenario 2: The policy document of "Parmigiano Reggiano" indicates that
for consumers
it presents a set of characteristics among which the "diameter of the plain faces"
which must be within the range "35-45 cm"
and the "external aspect" that should be "natural straw-coloured rind".
DigitalVideo <ul><li>The digital video is wrapped by an AVI container.</li><li>The digital video has duration 22 minutes.</li><li>The video stream is processed by the QuickTime codec.</li><li>The audio stream has bitrate 256 kbit/s.</li></ul> Multimedia
EventCore The 1990 World Chess Championship Match takes place in New York from October 8 to November 7
1990
and in Lyons
France
from November 26 to December 30
1990.
General
Event Processing
GO Top A 'template for synthesis of G-rich strand of telomere DNA activity' must be part of a 'telomerase activity'
All 'templates for synthesis of G-rich strand of telomere DNA activity' are 'molecular functions'
Biology
GearSpecies give me the gears targeting species 'tuna'; give me the gears which incidentally catch species 'dolphins'; give me the species caught using 'bottom gillnets'
GearVessel give me the vesseltypes that use 'trawls' Fishery
GearWaterArea in which water areas are 'bottom gillnets'? Fishery
HasPest Bugs are pests for humans
gundy bug is a pest for rice
Agriculture
HazardousSituation The farmer is spraying pesticides on the fields. He asked a student working on a farm for help in carrying pesticide sprayers and storage containers. In this situation
neither the farmer nor the student is wearing any personal protective equipment such as gloves or using any respirators. After 4 hours of spraying
the student developed skin irritation.
General
Event Processing
Participation
Information realization The book of the "Divina Commedia". Semiotics
IntensionExtension 'Leonardo da Vinci' is the name of the main Rome airport
'Legal Person' means an incorporated entity with legal status.
General
Semiotics
Invoice An invoice refers to transactions related to an ordered item for a certain amount of currency
and is grounded in a (legally valid) document.
Business
LCA Pattern The proposed ontology design pattern 1 is meant to form a common core for the semantic description of key elements of life cycle inventories. A solar panel example: assessing the impacts of operating a solar array goes beyond the pure manufacturing and assembly of the photovoltaic modules. It also includes transportation emissions
installation emissions
operation emissions
and the final disposal emissions. Such assessment first requires the gathering of all relevant data from different sources into a so-called Life Cycle Inventory (LCI)
followed by the actual assessment of the environmental impacts based on the gathered data
used models
and the literature. Understanding the complex impact of products is crucial for arriving at
and maintaining
a sustainable world where human needs are met without causing harm to the environment or impacting the ability of future generations to meet their needs.
LicenseLinkedDataResources Declaring rights on both Linked Open Data and Linked Closed Data Linked Data
Lincense
Literal Reification Modelling domains concerning descriptive tags
in which each tag may have more than one meaning depending on the context in which it is used. Extending quickly the capabilities of a model by adding the possibility to make assertions on values
previously referred through data properties
without modifying it.
General
Material Transformation A pile of wood is transformed into ash by burning. Emboddied energy involved in the process of mixing aggregate
water
cement and other binders to create concrete. Materials required to construct a manufactured artifact such as a window (glass
wood
aluminum).
Manufacturing
Chemistry
Workflow
Ecology
Metonymy-species-commodity Yellowfin tuna is provided as fresh or chilled food commodity Fishery
ModifiedHazardousSituation A person who is lactose intolerant (a susceptibility) exposes herself to a hazard (eating ice cream) and experiences a consequence (stomach ache).
Nary Participation The match lasted 95 minutes
and the winner used a new nano-carbon racquet.
General
NewsReportingEvent A single actual event
bus drivers protest
is presented in to different media: a TV news stationand a news website. John Doe prepared the material for the station Channel 55
owned by Media Corp.This material was presented as first material in a news programme on 16/07/2016
started at 19:30 and ended at 19:35.It was based on correspondent report. The material said that the cause of the protest was malfunction of buses
and that a brutal police intervention took place.The article from website livingintheworld.com also mentioned malfunction of buses
but it also mentionedother cause of protest: planned reduction of social benefits. It did not mention brutal police intervention
but it did mention destruction of public property. The article seems not important for the website authors
it was presented at the page bottom.
Event Processing
Media
Social Science
OOPMetrics Find if a class (or which class) is a God Class based on it's metrics.
Gaseste daca o clasa (sau care clasa) se inscrie in anti-sablonul "God Class" pe baza metricilor ei.
Software Engineering
Object with states A sample scenario is the following. A software defect created in an issue tracker must have a creator and be associated to a certain software product. Once it is checked that the defect is reproducible
it must be assigned to some developer and have a certain priority. However
before checking the defect reproducilibty the defect must not have either asignee or priority.
General
Objectrole This old glass is used as a flower pot. General
Observation The aquatic species 'Skipjack tuna' was observed in 2004 having the exploitation state 'fully exploited' in the climatic zone 'tropical' at the vertical distance 'pelagic'. General
Science
PartOf Brain and heart are parts of the human body
substantia nigra is part of brain.
Parts and Collections
ParticipantRole John was elected the meeting secretary of today's board meeting. During the party we used the blue cup as a vase. General
Organization
Participation Aldo Gangemi participated in the premiere of La Dolce Vita. General
PeriodicInterval Sam teaches every monday Time
Place The Colosseum is located in Rome. General
Policy <ul><li>The policy has two subpolicies.</li><li>The policy is implemented by a certain process.</li><li>The policy is validated by a certain process.</li><li>The policy is assigned to John Smith.</li><li>The policy is fully automated.</li></ul> General
Reactor pattern As an exemplifier for the reactor pattern
we present a use case fromthe domain of algal biomass. We employ the reactor pattern in anontology OntoMDL. The ontology models a process for algal biomasscultivation. OntoMDL implements the Minimum DescriptiveLanguage(MDL) standard prescribed by the AlgalBiomass Organisation(ABO) for algal operation. The set of descriptivemetrics recommended by MDL as inputs to the process are carbon
water
total infrastructure area
total energy
nutrients
consumables andlabour. Possible outputs from the process are algal constituentproducts
indirect algal products
uncaptured gas emission
liquidwaste output
solid waste output. Some environmental conditions thatmust hold for the algae to be harvested are
(1)The water must be in a temperature range that will support the specific algal species being grown.(2)The pH range for most cultured algal species should be between 7 and 9
with the optimum range being 8.2-8.7.The event that triggers of the algae cultivation is the addition of the source culture to the growing containers or reactors.
RecurrentEventSeries Umbria Jazz is a collection of events
which all take place in July and in the Italian region of Umbria
and has the musical genre jazz as a topic. Its events recur at regular time periods
i.e. annually.
ReportingEvent Two History professors have different opinion about the same actual event. The exemplary actual event is baptism of prince Mieszko I. The baptism exact place is a subject to historical debate. According to professor Hanna Kóčka-Krenz the likely place was Poznań. She bases her claim on Poznań excavations that she conducted. However the late professor Labuda pointed to Lednica Holm. He also based his claims on the local excavations but also on historical annals. General
Event Processing
ReportingNewsEvent A single actual event
bus drivers protest
is presented in to different media: a TV news station and a news website. John Doe prepared the material for the station Channel 55
owned by Media Corp. This material was presented as first material in a news programme on 16/07/2016
started at 19:30 and ended at 19:35. It was based on correspondent report. The material said that the cause of the protest was malfunction of buses
and that a brutal police intervention took place. The article from website livingintheworld.com also mentioned malfunction of buses
but it also mentioned other cause of protest: planned reduction of social benefits. It did not mention brutal police intervention
but it did mention destruction of public property. The article seems not important for the website authors
it was presented at the page bottom.
Event Processing
Media
Social Science
ResourceAbundanceObservation Give me the resource observations for the year 2004 Give me the resource observations where the abundance level is 'Low abundance' Fishery
ResourceExploitationObservation Give me the resource observations for the year 2004 Give me the resource observations where the exploitation rate is 'Moderate fishing mortality' Give me the resource observations where the state is 'fully exploited' Fishery
Role task Students have the duty of giving exams Organization
Management
Scheduling
SimpleOrAggregated A service provider can be simple or be an aggregate of a set of service providers. A context source can be simple or be an aggregate of a set of context sources. A computing or storage resource can be simple or be an aggregate of a set of computing or storage resources. Parts and Collections
Situation The lecture was held in January 1921 by Bela Fleck
with some physicians in the audience making questions
in a very relaxed athmosphere.
General
Smart City Strategy Design strategies design or planning; problem analysis
decision-making
Smart City
SmartHome FeatureOfInterest A feature of interest can be "the pressure sensed on the couch" or "the electric-current of the TV".
Spatial Graph Adapter (SGA) IFC
GBXML
and CityGML (current work)
Http://ontologydesignpatterns.org/wiki/Community:Building and Construction
SpatioTemporalExtent The World Chess Championship Match 1990 was held in two parts: New York (October 8 to November 7) and Lyons - France (November 26 to December 30).The Renaissance occured in different places at different times.A hurricane moves through the spacetime. Earth Science or Geoscience
General
SpeciesBathymetry give me the species found below 200 metres for water area '24'
SpeciesConditions give me the species found below 200 metres for water area '24'; give me the species having a 'demersal' habitat in water area '24'
SpeciesConservation Give me the species for which conservation status contains 'Vulnerable'; Give me the species for which conservation status is 'vulnerable'; Give me the conservation status for species 'Ostrica gigas
SpeciesEat What species eat 'shrimp'; What species are eaten by 'seals'
SpeciesHabitat give me the species having a 'demersal' habitat in water area '24'
SpeciesNames give me the species containing local name 'oyster'; give me the synonyms and localnames for species 'Ostrica gigas'; give me the species with which species 'Ostrica gigas' can be confused
Standard Enforcer Pattern As an exemplifier for SEP
we present a use case from the domain of algal biomass production which depicts the application of SEP to an ontology that models algal biomass production. The Minimum Descriptive Language (MDL) standard proposed by the Algal Biomass Association is enforced by the production operation. MDL recommends a set of descriptive metrics to uniformly characterise the analysis of large scale algal operations. In this use case
the ontology defines the concepts and relationships for the operation and incorporates SEP by enforcing a guideline for measuring Carbon input to the operation.
Tagging A Flickr picture showing a leopard
tagged with the Tag 'leopard'
A Flickr picture showing a boy surfing with a sombrero hat
tagged with the Tag 'cool'
A Flickr picture tagged as 'taken in Sicily'
General
Web2.0
DocumentManagement
TaskExecution She smiled at us
so obtaining the effect of making us feeling positive.
Organization
Management
Scheduling
Workflow
Time indexed participation This morning I've prepared my coffee and had my fingers burnt
The football match lasted only ten minutes for Totti
General
TimeIndexedPartOf My Toyota Yaris mounted Michelin pneumatics in 2007
but in 2008 it mounts Pirelli pneumatics.
Parts and Collections
TimeIndexedSituation Mustafa's address in 2005 was in Brussels General
TimeInterval The time interval “January 2008” starts at 2008−01−01 and ends at and ends at 2008−01−31. Time
TimePeriod A time period of 1 year elapses between two consecutive editions of Umbria Jazz Festival. Time
Topic "The topic of Moby Dick is the hatred of humanity"
"What is the main subjects in neswpapers today? And more specifically?"
General
Trajectory Mike's trip to the GeoVoCamp 2012 from his home integrating data from GPS device
vehicle information
and personal information.A toucan flies through the air as recorded by researchers in the MoveBank.The 1990 World Chess Championship event that was held in two locations at two different times.
General
Earth Science or Geoscience
Transition The addition of Bud Powell on piano made the tune jump from a static
aerial comping into a hard driving swing improvisation
General
Workflow
Manufacturing
VerticalDistribution Give me the resource observations where the vertical distribution is 'Pelagic'
VesselSpecies give me the species caught using 'gillneters' Fishery
VesselWaterArea in which water areas are 'gillneters' used?
Personal tools
Quality Committee
Content OP publishers