Odp:WhatIsAPattern

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This page contains some useful links for the newbie at ODP and ontologies in general. Consider that these are just suggestions where to start, and we do not intend this to be a comprehensive and complete collection.

What is an ontology?

There are many views on this subject, and numerous definitions. We will not tell you which one to use, but here are some useful links to start forming your own opinion and finding more information:

What is a pattern?

Patterns are used in many areas as "templates" or abstract descriptions encoding best practices of some field. The introduction of patterns in computer science is generally attributed to inspiration taken from the architecture field and Christopher Alexander. Software patterns are probably most well known as Design Patterns, as in the GoF book from 1995. Other patterns include data model patterns, linguistic patterns, knowledge patterns and many more.

What is an ODP?

An ontology design pattern is a reusable successful solution to a recurrent modeling problem

ODPs have been described in many papers and also in deliverables of the NeOn project. Below is a short "reading list":

Gangemi A., Presutti V. Ontology Design Patterns, in Staab S. et al. (eds.): Handbook of Ontologies (2nd edition), Springer, 2009.

Scharffe F. Correspondence Patterns Representation. Fran├žois Scharffe. PhD. thesis, University of Innsbruck, 2009

Blomqvist E., Gangemi A., Presutti V. Experiments in Pattern-based Ontology Design, Proceedings of KCAP09, Los Angeles, ACM Press, 2009

Svab-Zamazal O., Svatek V., David J., Scharffe F. Towards metamorphic semantic models

Presutti V., Gangemi A. Content Ontology Design Patterns as practical building blocks for web ontologies. In Spaccapietra S. et al. (eds.): Proceedings of ER2008, Barcelona, Spain, 2008

Gangemi A. Design Patterns for Legal Ontology Construction. In P. Casanovas, P. Noriega, D. Bourcier, F. Galindo (eds.): Trends in Legal Knowledge: The Semantic Web and the Regulation of Electronic Social Systems,European Press Academic Publ. 2007

Gangemi A., Presutti V. Ontology Design for Interaction in a Reasonable Enterprise, P.Rittgen (ed.): Handbook of Ontologies for Business Interaction, IGI, 2007

Vrandecic D., Gangemi A., Unit Tests for Ontologies, M. Jarrar (ed.) Proceedings of OnToContent, OTM Conference, Montpellier, Springer, 2006

Gangemi A. Ontology Design Patterns for Semantic Web Content. M. Musen et al. (eds.): Proceedings of the Fourth International Semantic Web Conference, Springer, 2005

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