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Below you find the currently proposed Content OPs (CPs).

New proposals of CPs are very welcome. Please post a new proposal if you want to contribute.

Before posting your proposed Content OP, check the list of domains. If your domain is not in the list, create a page for it.

Proposed Content OPs

Intent Domain Submitted by
AOS AGROVOC Concept Server fundation ontology model Act as a basic model for Agricultural Related Ontologies, in particular for the AGROVOC Concept Server. The model clearly identify concepts (domain concepts) from terms (which are represented as instances). Both concepts and terms have specific relationships connecting them. Agriculture MargheritaSini
ActingFor To represent that some agent is acting in order to forward the action of a social (non-physical) agent. AldoGangemi
Action The purpose of the pattern is to model actions that are proposed, planned, and performed or abandoned, together with their status and durations in time. Product development
Actuation-Actuator-Effect This ODP intents to model the relationship between an Actuator and the Effect it has on its environment through Actuations. It structures an Actuator ontology : Internet of Things NicolasSeydoux
Affordance To represent the model for supporting the action selection mechanism. AndreaNuzzolese
AgentRole To represent agents and the roles they play. Management
Airline To represent the encyclopedic knowledge expressed by an object typed as Airline AndreaNuzzolese
Airline.owl To represent the encyclopedic knowledge expressed by an object typed as Airline AndreaNuzzolese
AlgorithmImplementationExecution To model algorithm specifications, their implementations and executions, together with parameters of implementations, settings of the parameters for the execution, and inputs the execution consumes (e.g., data) and outputs the execution produces (e.g., models, reports). General
Software Engineering
An Ontology Design Pattern for Activity Reasoning To incorporate the general two perspectives of activities: a workflow perspective, which are often observed in planning-related applications, and a spatiotemporal perspective, which are often found in geographic activity analysis. Workflow
AquaticResourceObservation To represent the aquatic observation data extracted from factsheet application. An aquatic observation refers to a specific year, is about an aquatic resource, and is situated in a given habitat, in which the aquatic species from the resource live. Observations can have a reporting year that is different from the observation time. Fishery AldoGangemi
AquaticResources To represent aquatic resources or stocks as composed of aquatic organisms from one or more species, and living in a water area. Fishery AldoGangemi
Bag To model bags of items (elements). The Bag is characterized by a collection that can have multiple copies of each object. General
Parts and Collections
BasicPlan - AldoGangemi
BasicPlanExecution - AldoGangemi
Biological Entities To represent biological species and relations between them. Biology
COP To represent core constituents found commonly in complaints across domains. General
Marcos da Silveira
Cedric Prusky
Pompeu Casanovas
Leon Van der Torre
CatchRecord To represent the catch records from time series FIGIS application, which contain temporally-indexed aggregated information about aquatic species cacthing. Fishery AldoGangemi
ChessGame To model a flexible schema to allow exposing chess games as linked data. Game AdilaKrisnadhi
Classification To represent the relations between concepts (roles, task, parameters) and entities (person, events, values), which concepts can be assigned to. To formalize the application (e.g. tagging) of informal knowledge organization systems such as lexica, thesauri, subject directories, folksonomies, etc., where concepts are first-order elements. General ValentinaPresutti
ClimaticZone The intent of the pattern is to be able to represent climatic zones for aquatic resources. Fishery AldoGangemi
Co-participation To represent two objects that both participate in a same event. General AldoGangemi
Collection To represent domain (not set theory) membership. General AldoGangemi
CollectionEntity To represent collections, and their entities, i.e. to represent membership. Parts and Collections ValentinaPresutti
CommunicationEvent To model communication events, such as phone calls, e-mails and meetings, their involved parties and the roles and relations of the parties in the context of the communication events. Organization
Product development
Communities - AldoGangemi
Componency To represent (non-transitively) that objects either are proper parts of other objects, or have proper parts. Parts and Collections ValentinaPresutti
ConceptGroup This CP allows designers to represent concept group defined by intention (all concepts satisfying group membership condition) or by extension (all concepts referring a group). Parts and Collections
ConceptTerms This CP allows designers to represent jointly conceptual and linguistic part of a vocabulary. The pattern purpose is not to encompass all linguistic complexity as Linginfo or LMF does, but to describe linguistic information in more details than SKOS which names concept whith simple labels. Linguistic
Constituency To represent the constituents of a layered structure. Parts and Collections ValentinaPresutti
Controlflow To represent control flows: activation, branching, decisions, concurrency, etc. AldoGangemi
CountingAs - AldoGangemi
Course The aim of this content ontology design patterns-Course Pattern- is to model the core attributes of a course and the basic relationships of the course in an educational institution. Academy
Criterion The purpose of this pattern is to provide a basis for criteria modeling. For more advanced use see the 'criterion setter' pattern that enables describing entities that define criteria (such as requirements, constraints etc.). General PiotrNowara
CriterionS PiotrNowara
CriterionSetter The purpose of this pattern is to provide a broader context for criteria modeling. Possible specializations could introduce new kinds of criteria setters representing criteria in detailed contexts (for example: a pattern for describing the success/failure condition for some actions). Possible criteria setters may include requirements, recommendations, constraints etc. General PiotrNowara
Description To formally represent a conceptualization or a descriptive context. General ValentinaPresutti
Description in Range This pattern allows one to range the conceptualization of a descriptive context within specific borders defined by means of literal values. SilvioPeroni
DescriptionAndSituation AldoGangemi
DetectorFinalState This pattern represent schematic model for high-energy physics experiment data. Physics AdilaKrisnadhi
DigitalVideo The pattern intends to model digital video files, their components and other associated entities, such as codecs and containers. Most significant uses of digital video domain ontologies are media archiving and digital preservation of videos and video artworks. This pattern has been developed by MKLab at CERTH/ITI ( for the PERICLES FP7 project ( Multimedia PanagiotisMitzias
Disposition This pattern allow the representation of non-probabilistic dispositions with unique triggering and realization process types. Upper Ontology
EthnicGroup To represent the encyclopedic knowledge expressed by an object typed as EthnicGroup AndreaNuzzolese
EventCore The purpose of this pattern is to provide a minimalistic model of event where it is not always possible to separate its spatial and the temporal aspects, thus can model events that move or possess discontinuous temporal extent. Events according to this model has at least one participant, attached via a participant-role, and may have additional descriptive information through its information object. General
Event Processing
EventProcessing To model event objects (in the context of complex event processing), their attributes, and their relations actual events, and sensor readings producing the events. Different types of event objects, such as complex, composite, and simple events are modelled, preoperties for expressing relations between event objects, such as constituency and componency are expressed, and attributes of event objects, such as timestamps and other data values. This pattern is aligned both to the SSN (Semantic Sensor Network) ontology, and the Event-F model, which in turn both use DUL as an upper layer. Event Processing
ExplanationODP Describing the process and components of an explanation in different disciplines Explanation IlariaTiddi
GO Top To represent types of gene-related entities and their parts. Biology AldoGangemi
GearSpecies to represent types of fishing gear with respect to the aquatic species they either are targeted to catch or can accidentally catch AlessandroAdamou
GearVessel to represent types of fishing gear with regard to the types of vessel they can be mounted on Fishery AldoGangemi
GearWaterArea to represent gear types in terms of the water areas where they can be employed to collect aquatic resources Fishery AlessandroAdamou
HasPest Define the relationship between a concept and an organism which has characteristics that are regarded by other organisms as injurious or unwanted. Generally causing damages. Agriculture MargheritaSini
HazardousSituation To model hazardous situations and their associated hazardous events with events' participating objects and the hazards the objects are exposed to with the exposure value. General
Event Processing
HistoricalMap The ontology's intent is to describe a historical map and its attributes. Cartography EleniGkadolou
Information realization To represent information objects and their physical realization. Semiotics ValentinaPresutti
InformationObjectsAndRepresentationLanguages - AldoGangemi
IntensionExtension To represent the meaning of an information object: the concepts it expresses, the things it is about. General
Invoice To represent the core attributes of an invoice Business AldoGangemi
LCA Pattern Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies the environmental impact of products taking into account their entire life-span and production chain. This ontology design pattern specifies key aspects of LCA/LCI data models, namely the notions of flows, activities, agents, and products, as well as their properties. YingjieHu
LicenseLinkedDataResources To provide a pattern for expressing rights on Linked Data Resources, understood as RDF triples, datasets or mappings.

These rights include intellectual property rights, database rights and the right of access, which can be limited by personal data protection laws and others.

Rights expressions may assert, waive and license the rights, either conditionally or inconditionally, either to the public or to agents in particular.
Linked Data
LinnaeanTaxonomy - AldoGangemi
List To represent ordered collections, i.e. lists. EvaBlomqvist
Literal Reification This pattern promotes any literal as “first class object” in OWL by reifying it as a proper individual of the class litre:Literal. General AldoGangemi
LogisticsService MichaelGlöckner
Material Transformation To contextualize the transformation process from raw components and the required equipment to a final manufactured artifact. Manufacturing
MaterialsProperty To capture the provenance an assertion about a material's properties as well as capture the particulars of the property itself. Materials Science
Metonymy-species-commodity To establish a link between species exploitation and consumer goods.

This pattern has been observed in WordNet, where words share the following metonymic or regular polysemic patterns: animal-food, animal-commodity and life form-consumer goods. This is why the pattern has been named "metonymy". Regular polysemy is a metonymic phenomenon in that it describes the substitution of one word sense by another related sense. It establishes a semantic relation between two concepts that are associated with the same word. Regular polysemy is regular in that it captures conventionalized

and therefore recurrent processes of sense extension, which have been captured in lexical resources such as dictionaries and thesauri.
Fishery WimPeters
ModifiedHazardousSituation To modify the existing HazardousSituation ODP to additionally support proactive questions central to risk assessment and mitigation planning. General
Event Processing
Move -- AldoGangemi
Nary Participation To represent events with their participants, time, space, etc. General AldoGangemi
OOPMetrics To represent software metrics especially for the purpose of detecting design-flaws in software systems based on these metrics. This is useful for re-engineering the software system., De a reprezenta metricile soft in special in scopul detectarii defectelor de proiectare din sistemele soft pe baza acestor metrici. Acest lucru este folositor pentru reingineria sistemului soft. Software Engineering IonelVirgilPop
Object with states An object can have different states for which different restrictions apply. The goal of the pattern is to allow modelling the different states of an object and the restrictions on such object for its different states. General RaúlGarcía-Castro
Objectrole To represents objects and the roles they play. General ValentinaPresutti
Observation The intent of this pattern is to represent observations of things, under a set of parameters. Common parameters may be the time and place of the observation, but may be any feature that is observed concerning the specific thing being observed. General
Parameter To represent parameters to be used for a certain concept. General AldoGangemi
PartOf To represents entities and their parts. Parts and Collections ValentinaPresutti
ParticipantRole To represent participants in events holding specific roles in that particular event. General
Participation To represent participation of an object in an event. General AldoGangemi
PeriodicInterval The goal of this pattern is to represent non-convex intervals where the duration of each internal interval and the duration of the gaps between intervals are constant. These intervals are called periodic intervals within the context of this pattern. Time MariaPoveda
Persons AldoGangemi
PharmaInnova To describe invoices with the PharmaInnova Model. This schema can be applied to other invoice models. Business Sandra Kohler
Place To talk about places of things. General AldoGangemi
PlanConditions -- AldoGangemi
Price -- AldoGangemi
Professor Mazenalzyoud
RTMSmapping to represent mappings between FSDAS application ontology network, and RTMS ontologies AldoGangemi
Reaction To model dynamic situations, tracking agents and actions they produce, events that are results of some action(s), and consequences as new actions, i.e. reactions Workflow EnricoDaga
Reactor pattern The remit of the reactor pattern is to enable the modelling of reactive processes that consume inputs and produce outputs under specific environmental conditions and on being triggered by certain events. MonikaSolanki
Region To represent and reason on values of attributes of things, by explicitly talking about the dimensions ("regions") of the attributes, which include those values. General AldoGangemi
RelativeRelationship For dynamically conceptualizing, establishing, tracking, and updating relative relationships and dependencies between entities (real or representational) of a physical, temporal, and/or importance scope. Parts and Collections
ReportingEvent The intent of the pattern is to allow for modelling situations in which the knowledge about an event cannot be treated as certain. It is particularly useful for cases in which two or more agents provide different, contradictory information about the same event. It can be also used for modelling situation in which a single agent provided contradictory information about the same event in different points in time. In general the pattern allows for stating different circumstances of an act of the information provision. General
Event Processing
ReportingNewsEvent The pattern can be used for modelling situations in which we are not certain that a particular actual event has the properties which were described in a news message. We want to define the properties of an actual event which were reported (time, place, actors, subevents, cause, effect etc.), but not to treat them as universal, verified knowledge. The pattern also allows to define who is responsible for a particular description of an event and how this description is dealt with. Event Processing
Social Science
ResourceAbundanceObservation The intent of the pattern is to be able to represent observations of aquatic resources, where the observations have been made a certain year and has certain other parameters. Fishery AldoGangemi
ResourceExploitationObservation The intent of the pattern is to be able to represent observations of aquatic resources, where the observations have been made a certain year and has certain other parameters. Fishery AldoGangemi
Role task To represent the assignment of tasks to roles Organization
Roles (OWL 2) Capture the relational nature of roles using OWL 2 property chains, using theSocial Reality (OWL 2) pattern. Using this pattern the role-as-relation and role-as-class approach can coexist peacefully inside a single ontology. Rinke Hoekstra
Sequence To represent sequence schemas. It defines the notion of transitive and intransitive precedence and their inverses. It can then be used between tasks, processes, time intervals, spatially locate objects, situations, etc. General
Set To model sets of things (elements). A Set is a collection that cannot contain duplicate elements. EvaBlomqvist
SimpleOrAggregated The goal of this pattern is to represent objects that can be simple or aggregated (that is, several objects gathered in another object acting as a whole). The main difference between the aggregation relation and other mereological relationships (such as part-of or componency) is that the aggregated object and its aggregated members should belong to the same concept. For example, a turbine is part of an engine, whereas an aggregated provider is formed by providers. Parts and Collections MariaPoveda
SimpleTopic It is a simplified version of the ontology "ontopic". It is used when we want to talk about the topics of a documents and their relationships. SaraBernardini
Situation To represent contexts or situations, and the things that are contextualized. General AldoGangemi
Social Reality (OWL 2) Capture Searle's theory on observer relative and institutional facts, used in creating social reality. See also the OWL 2 Agent-Role pattern. Rinke Hoekstra
Spatial Graph Adapter (SGA) Link to OWL File:

PDF of SGA Pattern Image: Image:USOcore3.pdf

To answer the modern, interdisciplinary questions asked within the Building domain, industry tools and data standards need to become far more interoperable in order to be able to provide a full and accurate set of analysis to engineers and designers. To provide this full picture from which to make decisions, we needed a way to resolve the spatial data that tools provide in order to synthesize it together. In addition to missing, incorrect, and inconsistent information, there is also the challenge of not being able to use existing spatial patterns to capture the full granularity or specificity of the geospatial descriptions required to capture full and dynamic geometric contexts.

The Spatial Graph Adapter (SGA) pattern provides us a way to extend the simple identification of geometries and simultaneously assign further descriptions and self-context as well as contextual and relational references to other spatial objects in or surrounding the original entity. For example, not only can we use existing notions say that one surface is adjacent to another, but we have a way to say exactly what type of adjacency and to what extent it is adjacent (more examples in accompanying paper). The SGA has also been implemented for several building industry schemas and our further research is in bringing this and other patterns into full use in a Linked Data Platform (ongoing).
Http:// and Construction Holly Ferguson
SpatioTemporalExtent This pattern models a spatiotemporal extent, i.e., a combination of spatial and temporal extent as a set of generalized trajectories which cannot have temporal overlap. This pattern reuses semantic trajectory pattern as component. Earth Science or Geoscience
SpeciesBathymetry to represent species together with their typical environment in terms of bathymetric range and water area AldoGangemi
SpeciesConditions This pattern aims at representing the habitat and bathymetric features that are typical for an aquatic species, in the context of a given water area. AldoGangemi
SpeciesConservation This pattern intend to represent a description of the conservation status of aquatic species. EvaBlomqvist
SpeciesEat The pattern intends to model the situation that a certain species feed upon other species and that some species are preyed upon by a certain species. EvaBlomqvist
SpeciesHabitat to represent species together with their typical environment in terms of habitat and water area AldoGangemi
SpeciesNames To express the terminological variants and the conceptual similarity that can be sources of confusion between species. AldoGangemi
Standard Enforcer Pattern The remit of the SEP content pattern is to represent the relation between standards and the processes, operations, activities and services that enforce them, the domains they cater to and the scope of that specific process, operation, activity, service within the context of the domain. MonikaSolanki
Tagging To represent a tagging situation, in which someone uses a term, from a list of a folksonomy, to tag something (or the content of something). We might also want to represent the time and the polarity of the tagging. General
TaskExecution To represent actions through which tasks are executed. Organization
Template Instance The Template Instance pattern proposes a way of reducing the number of reified instances and the related property assertion axioms in an ontology, especially for the cases in which the reified relations are identical for multiple entities. General CsongorNyulas
Time indexed participation To represent participants in events at some time,To represent participants in parts of events. General AldoGangemi
Time indexed person role To represent classification of things at a certain time. General
TimeIndexedClassification --- AldoGangemi
TimeIndexedPartOf To represent objects that have temporary parts. Parts and Collections ValentinaPresutti
TimeIndexedSituation To represent time indexed situations. General AldoGangemi
TimeInterval To represent time intervals. Time ValentinaPresutti
Topic To represent topics and their relations. General SaraBernardini
Trajectory The pattern provides a model of trajectory, which is understood as a sequence of spatiotemporal points. The model generalizing the Semantic Trajectory pattern from [Hu, et al., COSIT 2013] by employing the notion of place, instead of location/geo-coordinate, to represent the spatial extent of the trajectory. This pattern is suitable for a variety of trajectory datasets and easily extendible by by aligning to or matching with existing trajectory ontologies, foundational ontologies, or other domain specific vocabularies. General
Earth Science or Geoscience
Transition To represent basic knowledge about transitions (events, states, processes, objects). General
TransportPattern The goal of the pattern is to facilitate modelling the movement of mass or energy from one location to another, based on a common persistent frame of reference. Earth Science or Geoscience
Types of entities To identify and categorize the most general types of things in the domain of discourse. General ValentinaPresutti
VerticalDistribution The intent of the pattern is to be able to represent vertical distribution for aquatic resources. AldoGangemi
VesselSpecies to provide a direct relation between aquatic species and vessels that are able to catch them, regardless of the fishing gear used. Fishery AlessandroAdamou
VesselWaterArea to represent a direct relation between vessel types and water areas regardless of what type of fishing gear is fitted AlessandroAdamou
Personal tools
Quality Committee
Content OP publishers