Submissions:Material Transformation

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Current revision ID: 13251

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General description

Name: Material Transformation
Submitted by: AdilaKrisnadhi
Also Known As:
Intent: To contextualize the transformation process from raw components and the required equipment to a final manufactured artifact.

Manufacturing, Chemistry, Workflow, Ecology

Competency Questions:
  • What material resources were required to produce a product?
  • Where did the transformation take place?
  • What was the time necessary for the transformation?
  • What other materials or conditions were necessary for the transformation process to occur?
  • What materials change during the transformation?
Solution description: The pattern models a material transformation as something that has inputs and catalysts, and produces some outputs. All inputs, catalysts and outputs are material, and within them, embodied energy may be described.
Reusable OWL Building Block: (0)
Consequences: This is not a very generic pattern describing a change of states. It may not be applicable to broader types of transformation, like change of money, or change of political affiliations, etc. However, an instance of this pattern may be chained with another instance of this pattern or an instance of semantic trajectory.
Scenarios: A pile of wood is transformed into ash by burning. Emboddied energy involved in the process of mixing aggregate, water, cement and other binders to create concrete. Materials required to construct a manufactured artifact such as a window (glass, wood, aluminum).
Known Uses:
Web References:
Other References:
Examples (OWL files):
Extracted From:
Reengineered From:
Has Components:
Specialization Of:
Related CPs:


The Material Transformation Content OP locally defines the following ontology elements:

ObjectProperty hasCatalyst (owl:ObjectProperty)
hasCatalyst page
ObjectProperty hasEmbodiedEnergy (owl:ObjectProperty)
hasEmbodiedEnergy page
ObjectProperty hasEnergyUnit (owl:ObjectProperty)
hasEnergyUnit page
ObjectProperty hasEnergyValue (owl:ObjectProperty)
hasEnergyValue page
ObjectProperty hasInput (owl:ObjectProperty)
hasInput page
ObjectProperty hasOutput (owl:ObjectProperty)
hasOutput page
ObjectProperty needsEnergy (owl:ObjectProperty)
needsEnergy page
ObjectProperty occursAtTimeInterval (owl:ObjectProperty)
occursAtTimeInterval page
ObjectProperty occursInNeighborhood (owl:ObjectProperty)
occursInNeighborhood page
DatatypeProperty asLiteral (owl:DatatypeProperty)
asLiteral page
DatatypeProperty asNumeric (owl:DatatypeProperty)
asNumeric page
Class Catalyst (owl:Class)
Catalyst page
Class Energy (owl:Class)
Energy page
Class EnergyUnit (owl:Class)
EnergyUnit page
Class EnergyValue (owl:Class)
EnergyValue page
Class MaterialTransformation (owl:Class)
MaterialTransformation page
Class MaterialType (owl:Class)
MaterialType page
Class Neighborhood (owl:Class)
Neighborhood page
Class Product (owl:Class)
Product page
Class Resource (owl:Class)
Resource page

Additional information

There are two axioms that we need in this pattern but not expressible in OWL. The first says that there is at least one of the input that is not in the output of the transformation, which cannot be expressed in FOL as the formula: ALL x.( MaterialTransformation(x) IMPLIES Exists y.(hasInput(x,y) AND NOT hasOutput(x,y) ) ) The second states that there is at least one of the output that is not part of the input of the transformation: ALL x.( MaterialTransformation(x) IMPLIES Exists y.(hasOutput(x,y) AND NOT hasInput(x,y) ) ) Thus, this OWL encoding does not contain any axiom expressing the above two.

A full description of the pattern can be found in the SWJ publication "An Ontology Design Pattern and Its Use Case for Modeling Material Transformation".


Scenarios about Material Transformation

No scenario is added to this Content OP.


Reviews about Material Transformation

There is no review about this proposal. This revision (revision ID 13251) takes in account the reviews: none

Other info at evaluation tab

Modeling issues

Modeling issues about Material Transformation

There is no Modeling issue related to this proposal.


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Submission to event

WOP 2014

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