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Current revision ID: 9110

Graphical representation



General description

Name: Participation
Submitted by: AldoGangemi
Also Known As:
Intent: To represent participation of an object in an event.


Competency Questions:
  • Which objects do participate in this event? Which events do this object participate in?
Solution description: This pattern is a basic one, and enables the representation of any simple binary relation between objects and events.
Reusable OWL Building Block: (877)
Consequences: It is possible to model whatever relation between objects and events. Using cardinality restrictions appropriately allows to limit the number of participants, e.g. 'life of' is a specialization of this pattern that requires a functional object property (cardinality 1. . .1).

This is a non-temporal version of the particpation relation. If we need a time-indexed relation, use http://ontologydesignpatterns.owl/cp/owl/timeindexedparticipation.owl

Scenarios: Aldo Gangemi participated in the premiere of La Dolce Vita.
Known Uses:
Web References:
Other References:
Examples (OWL files):
Extracted From:
Reengineered From:
Has Components:
Specialization Of:
Related CPs:


The Participation Content OP locally defines the following ontology elements:

ObjectProperty hasParticipant (owl:ObjectProperty)
hasParticipant page
ObjectProperty isParticipantIn (owl:ObjectProperty)
isParticipantIn page
Class Event (owl:Class) Any physical, social, or mental process, event, or state.
Event page
Class Object (owl:Class) Any physical, social, or mental object, or substance
Object page

Additional information

The basic participation pattern, without temporal indexing. It clones equivalent elements from DOLCE-UltraLite.


Scenarios about Participation

No scenario is added to this Content OP.


Reviews about Participation

There is no review about this proposal. This revision (revision ID 9110) takes in account the reviews: none

Other info at evaluation tab

Modeling issues

Modeling issues about Participation

There is no Modeling issue related to this proposal.


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