Submissions:Time indexed participation

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Current revision ID: 9130

Graphical representation



General description

Name: Time indexed participation
Submitted by: AldoGangemi
Also Known As:
Intent: To represent participants in events at some time,To represent participants in parts of events.


Competency Questions:
  • When something participated in some event?
  • At what time an event had some participant?
Solution description: This pattern uses the Situation pattern to add temporal information to participation of objects into events.
Reusable OWL Building Block: (882)
Consequences: We can represent participation relations with time. This enables participations at different times as well as partial participations in events.

However, this pattern focuses on participation of one entity in one event. If complex events need to be represented (with subevents, more participants and times, etc.), a partonomic structure must be introduced, e.g. by creating a new pattern that composes TimeIndexedParticipation with PartOf.

Scenarios: This morning I've prepared my coffee and had my fingers burnt, The football match lasted only ten minutes for Totti
Known Uses:
Web References:
Other References:
Examples (OWL files):
Extracted From:
Reengineered From:
Has Components:
Specialization Of:
Related CPs:


The Time indexed participation Content OP locally defines the following ontology elements:

ObjectProperty includesEvent (owl:ObjectProperty) A relation between situations and events, e.g. 'this morning I've prepared my coffee and had my fingers burnt' (i.e.: the preparation of my coffee this morning included a burning of my fingers).
includesEvent page
ObjectProperty includesObject (owl:ObjectProperty) A relation between situations and objects, e.g. 'this morning I've prepared my coffee and had my fingers burnt' (i.e.: the preparation of my coffee this morning included me).
includesObject page
ObjectProperty isEventIncludedIn (owl:ObjectProperty)
isEventIncludedIn page
ObjectProperty isObjectIncludedIn (owl:ObjectProperty)
isObjectIncludedIn page
Class TimeIndexedParticipation (owl:Class) A Situation that represents participation of Object(s) in Event(s) at some Time.
TimeIndexedParticipation page

Additional information

A time-indexed pattern for participation


Scenarios about Time indexed participation

No scenario is added to this Content OP.


Reviews about Time indexed participation

There is no review about this proposal. This revision (revision ID 9130) takes in account the reviews: none

Other info at evaluation tab

Modeling issues

Modeling issues about Time indexed participation

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